Author: Jim Riley Last updated: Sunday 23 September, 2012
With on the job training, employees receive training whilst remaining in the workplace.
The main methods of one-the-job training include:
Demonstration / instruction - showing the trainee how to do the job
Coaching - a more intensive method of training that involves a close working relationship between an experienced employee and the trainee
Job rotation - where the trainee is given several jobs in succession, to gain experience of a wide range of activities (e.g. a graduate management trainee might spend periods in several different departments)
Projects - employees join a project team - which gives them exposure to other parts of the business and allow them to take part in new activities. Most successful project teams are "multi-disciplinary"
The advantages and disadvantages of this form of training can be summarised as follows:
Generally most cost-effective
Employees are actually productive
Opportunity to learn whilst doing
Training alongside real colleagues
Quality depends on ability of trainer and time available
Bad habits might be passed on
Learning environment may not be conducive
Potential disruption to production